Tallahassee Fl Local Information

 
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Tallahassee is the capital of the State of Florida and the county seat of Leon County.

Tallahassee is the home of Florida State University, a major research university with strengths in both arts and sciences. Other local higher-education institutions include Florida A & M University, a historically-black university, Tallahassee Community College, and Pat Thomas Law Enforcement Academy; Barry University, Embry Riddle and Flagler also have branches in Tallahassee. It is also a regional center for trade and agriculture and is served by Tallahassee Regional Airport. With one of the fastest growing manufacturing and high tech economies in Florida, its major private employers include a General Dynamics Land Systems manufacturing facility (military and combat applications), the headquarters of Talla-Com (a communications manufacturing firm owned by Tadiran Communications, Ltd., in Israel) and the manufacturing headquarters for Danfoss Turbocor (a manufacturer of oil-free high efficiency compressors).

Tallahassee became the capital of Florida in 1824. As of 2006, the population recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau is 159,012, while the Tallahassee metropolitan area is estimated at 336,501 (2006).

History

The name "Tallahassee" is a Muskogean Indian word often translated as "abandoned fields" or "old fields" or "old town." This likely stems from the Creek (later called Seminole) Indians that migrated from Georgia and Alabama into this region during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Upon arrival, they found large areas of cleared lands that had previously been occupied by the Apalachee tribe.

The expedition of Panfilo de Narvaez encountered the Apalachees, although it did not reach the site of Tallahassee. Hernando de Soto and his expedition occupied the Apalachee town of Anhaica in the winter of 1538-1539. Based on archaeological excavations, this site is now known to have been located about one-half mile east of the present Florida capitol building.

During the 1600s, several Spanish missions were established in the territory of the Apalachee with the aim of procuring food and labor for the colony at St. Augustine. The largest of these, Mission San Luis de Apalachee, has been partially reconstructed by the state of Florida.

Florida State CapitolFrom 1821 through 1845, the rough-hewn frontier capital gradually grew into a town during Florida's territorial period. In 1845, a Greek revival masonry structure was erected as the Capitol building in time for statehood. Now known as the "old Capitol" because of the new building constructed in the 1970s, it stands in front of the current new capitol high rise today.

During the American Civil War, Tallahassee was the only Confederate state capital east of the Mississippi not captured by Union forces. A small engagement, the Battle of Natural Bridge, was fought south of the city on March 6, 1865.

Following the Civil War, much of Florida's industry moved to the south and east, a trend that continues to this day. The end of slavery caused the cotton and tobacco trade to suffer, and the state's major industries shifted to citrus, lumber, naval stores, cattle ranching and tourism. The post-Civil War period was also a time when many of the former plantations in the Tallahassee area were purchased by wealthy northerners for use as winter hunting preserves.

Up until World War II, Tallahassee remained a relatively small southern town, with virtually the entire population living within a mile of the Capitol. The main economic drivers were the universities and state government, where politicians would meet to discuss spending money on grand public improvement projects to accommodate growth in places such as Miami and Tampa Bay, hundreds of miles away from the capital. By the 1960s, there was a movement to transfer the capital to Orlando, closer geographically to the growing population centers of the state. That motion was defeated, however, and the 1970s saw a long-term commitment by the state to the capital city with construction of the new capitol complex and preservation of the old capitol building.

In recent years, Tallahassee has seen an uptick in growth, mainly in government and research services associated with the state, Florida State University, and Florida A&M University.

Tallahassee is noted for its hilly terrain, and the state capitol is located on one of the highest hills in the city. The elevation varies from near sea level to just over 200 feet in places. The flora and fauna are more typical of that found in the mid-south and low country regions of South Carolina and North Carolina. Although some palm trees do grow in the city, they are limited to the more cold-hardy varieties such as the state tree, the Sabal Palmetto. Pines, magnolias and a variety of oaks are the dominant trees. Of the latter, the Southern Live Oak is perhaps the most emblematic of the city.

Population (year 2000): 150,624, Est. population in July 2004: 156,612 (+4.0% change)
Males: 71,137 (47.2%), Females: 79,487 (52.8%)

Elevation: 188 feet     County: Leon     Land area: 95.7 square miles

Zip codes: 32301, 32303, 32304, 32308, 32310, 32311, 32312, 32399.

Median resident age: 26.3 years 
Median household income: $30,571 (year 2000)
Median house value: $102,500 (year 2000)

Races in Tallahassee:

White Non-Hispanic (57.8%) 
Black (34.2%) 
Hispanic (4.2%) 
Two or more races (1.7%) 
Other race (1.0%) 
Chinese (0.7%) 
Asian Indian (0.7%) 
American Indian (0.7%) 
Ancestries: German (9.4%), English (9.2%), Irish (8.9%), United States (5.3%), Italian (3.3%), Scottish (2.3%).

For population 25 years and over in Tallahassee

High school or higher: 89.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher: 45.0%
Graduate or professional degree: 19.8%
Unemployed: 11.1%
Mean travel time to work: 18.7 minutes 
For population 15 years and over in Tallahassee city

Never married: 49.2%
Now married: 35.5%
Separated: 1.7%
Widowed: 4.3%
Divorced: 9.3%
5.5% Foreign born (1.9% Asia, 1.8% Latin America, 1.1% Europe).

Population change in the 1990s: +24,430 (+19.4%).

 

 

 
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